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Analysis of the precipitation characteristics on the Tibetan Plateau using Remote Sensing, Ground-Based Instruments and Cloud models

Gjoka, Uarda (2012) Analysis of the precipitation characteristics on the Tibetan Plateau using Remote Sensing, Ground-Based Instruments and Cloud models. PhD Thesis , Università degli studi di Ferrara.

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    In this Thesis work, carried out in the frame of CEOP-AEGIS, an EU FP7 funded project, the problem of the precipitation monitoring over the Tibetan Plateau has been addressed. Despite the Plateau key role in water cycle of South East Asia (and in the life of 1.5 billions of people), there is a critical lack of knowledge, because the current estimates of relevant geophysical parameters are based on sparse and scarce observations than can not provide the required accuracy for quantitative studies and reliable monitoring, especially on a climate change perspective. This is particularly true for precipitation, the geophysical parameter with highest spatial and temporal variability. The constantly increasing availability of Earth system observation from spaceborne sensors makes the remote sensing an effective option for precipitation monitoring and the main focus of the present work is the implementation and applications for three years of data (2008, 2009 and 2010) of an array of satellite precipitation techniques, based on different methodological approaches and data sources. First, a sensitivity study on the capability of the most used satellite sensors to detect precipitation at the ground, assessed with respect to raingauges data for selected case studies, has been carried out. Then, two physically based techniques have been implemented based on satelliteborne active (for snow-rate) and passive (for rain-rate) microwave sensor data and the output used for calibrate geostationary IR-based techniques. Finally, two well established global multisensor precipitation products have been considered for reference and intercomparison. All the techniques have been implemented for the 3 years and the results compared at different spatial and temporal scales. The analysis of daily rain amount has shown that in general global algorithms are able to estimate rain amount larger than the ones estimated by other techniques during the monsoon season. In cold months global techniques underestimate precipitation amount and areas, resulting in a dry bias with respect to IR calibrated techniques. Case studies compared with ground radar precipitation data on convective episodes shown that global products tend to underestimate precipitation areas, while IR calibrated techniques provides reliable rainrate patterns, as compared with radar data. Unfortunately, the number of radar case studies was not large enough to allow significant validation studies, and also non data were available for cold months. Annual precipitation cumulated maps show marked differences among the techniques: IR calibrated techniques generally overestimate precipitation amount by a factor of 2 with respect of global products. Reasons for discrepancies are investigated and discussed, pointing out the uncertainties that will probably be solved only with the exploitation of new satellite missions.

    Item Type:Thesis (PhD Thesis)
    Date:22 March 2012
    Tutor:Porcù, Federico
    Coordinator:Guidi, Vincenzo
    Institution:Università degli studi di Ferrara
    PhD:XXIV Anno 2009 > FISICA
    Divisions:Dipartimento > Fisica
    Subjects:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/06 Fisica per il sistema terra e il mezzo circumterrestre
    Uncontrolled Keywords:altopiano tibetano, precipitazione, telerilevamento, tibetan plateau, precipitation, remote sensing
    Deposited on:22 Feb 2013 15:06


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