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Titolo/Abstract/Parole chiave

La responsabilità precontrattuale della pubblica amministrazione.

Bianchini, Stefano (2010) La responsabilità precontrattuale della pubblica amministrazione. Tesi di Dottorato , Università degli Studi di Ferrara.

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    Abstract

    The matter regarding the culpa in contrahendo of the public administration and in particular the enforceability of the rules about precontractual liability – contained in the civil code – to contractual activity brought about by the public administration has aroused interest by the science of law and the jurisprudence both administrative and civil. This topic has been widely studied indeed. The different surveys have considered and developed the various problems concerning first the abstract admissibility of the precontractual liability of the public administration, secondly the application peculiarities of the culpa in contrahendo because of the public nature of the administration. Before dealing with these issues, I will make some comments about the civil discipline of the precontractual liability, first considering the notion and the rule principles of the institution in question. The notion of good faith in objective sense, which – as it is common knowledge – is the conceptual and applicatory requirement of the culpa in contrahendo, gets a special importance for this research. More precisely, starting from the importance of the concept of good faith as developed by the civil science of law and jurisprudence I will consider its significance in administrative law while dealing with the well-known issue of the application of the good faith principle to the legal paradigms of public law, which are characterized by the exertion of discretionary power by the administration. Concerning this subject, I will consider some of the most authoritative doctrinal directions that have proposed – also considering the jurisprudential development due to the necessity of protecting the good faith of interested parties within public relations between citizens and the public administration, also when the administration acts in the exertion of its discretionary powers – of alternative dogmatic reconstructions for recognizing the subjection of the administration to loyalty and correctness rules, which are specifications of the general principle of the objective good faith. In particular, I will analyse the theories which state that the effectiveness of the institution de quo in public relations is based on the impartiality principle ex art. 97 Cost. (Allegretti), the tutelage of the confidence aroused within private parties by a previous provision or behavior of the public administration (Merusi), the tutelage of the favourable judicial situations of private parties produced by a previous decision of the administration (Mantero). After a few theoretical and historiographical notes regarding the admissibility of the civil liability of the public administration, in the first part of this research I will relate systematically and refute the arguments that the jurisprudence and part of the science of law have been supporting until the first half of the last century for denying the admissibility of a precontractual liability of the public administration: the public nature of the person, the discretionary nature of the administrative acting during negotiation of the contract, the discipline of controls that would exclude ex sé the admissibility of a precontractual tort. After supposing the abstract admissibility of a precontractual liability of the public administration and recognizing the importance of the objective good faith principle also within administrative law, I will analyse the admissibility of the culpa in contrahendo of the public administration in the public phase of the public evidence, proposing the admissibility of a tort from provision activity (illecito da attività provvedimentale), also considering the reconstructive theories that I will criticize: the theory of the contractual administrative nature of the provisions that compose the so-called public phase of the public evidence, and the theory of the admissibility of the precontractual liability as liability “for non-fulfilment of correctness duties” (responsabilità “per inadempimento degli obblighi di correttezza”) or liability “from qualified administrative contact” (responsabilità “da contatto amministrativo qualificato”).

    Tipologia del documento:Tesi di Dottorato (Tesi di Dottorato)
    Data:27 Gennaio 2010
    Relatore:Magri, Marco
    Coordinatore ciclo:Manfredini, Arrigo
    Istituzione:Università degli Studi di Ferrara
    Dottorato:XXII Anno 2007 > COMPARAZIONE GIURIDICA E STORICO-GIURIDICA
    Struttura:Dipartimento > Scienze giuridiche
    Soggetti:Area 12 - Scienze giuridiche > IUS/10 Diritto amministrativo
    Parole chiave:responsabilità precontrattuale, precontract responsability, buona fede, good faith
    Depositato il:25 Lug 2010 14:38

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