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Titolo/Abstract/Parole chiave

ARCHITETTURE IPOGEE DESTINATE ALLA PRODUZIONE E ALLA CONSERVAZIONE DEL VINO

Dall'Argine, Luigi (2010) ARCHITETTURE IPOGEE DESTINATE ALLA PRODUZIONE E ALLA CONSERVAZIONE DEL VINO. Tesi di Dottorato , Università degli Studi di Ferrara.

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    Abstract

    Introduction The growing interest in the wine sector and the increasing profits deriving from this trend have created new possibilities for investment within a relatively short time. Some enterprises have extended their estates, others have concentrated their resources in the restructuring of the vineyards and on the reorganisation of the production cycle. Over recent years, many wine producers, drawing upon the best contemporary architecture available, have attempted to bring content and container together in the realisation of new wineries, combining investments in technological development with substantial efforts towards an overall reorganisation of the spaces. In many cases, the buildings were conceived not only as places designed for the production and conservation of wine, but also as complex architectural works accessible to the public and with the power to convey a precise cultural and commerciai image. Field of investigation A reaffirmation of hypogean or partially buried types of construction - with the capacity to respond to specific environmental and productive requirements - may be seen in many of the most recent works carried out. These buildings, without impacting in a negative manner on the landscape, in addition to offering the indoor thermohygrometric benefits typical of subterranean constructions, also permit the realisation of a more rational organisation of the grape and must processing "by gravity". If contemporary criticism has often expressed an interest in the architecture of hypogean wineries, pointing out their spatial characteristics and evocative potential, it is equally clear, on an examination of the state of the art, that sdentific research geared at analytically and systematically investigating their technological and constructive aspects is practically non-existent. The aim of this research is to make an in-depth examination of the characteristics of the buildings designed for the production and conservation of wine, focusing attention on hypogean installations. Goals and object of the research The research project sets itself the strategie goal of updating the state of the art on the subject, of examining in depth the aspeets connected with the production methods and technologies used in wine processing, of analysing the most innovative projeets and architectural trends in the European and non-European environment with particular attention focused on the technological, construetive and energy-related aspeets of the realisation of a hypogean installation, in order to supply qualified and reliable information and help orientate professionals in choices connected with the designing of hypogean wineries. Correlated aims are: - identification of specific necessities and an analysis of the requirements connected with the prescribed use (safety, usability, well-being, management and integrability); - comparison of the possible subterranean and surface-level construetion methods identified in literature and/or in the field; - analysis and classification of the typological variables; - definition of morphological characteristics and of possible alternative subterranean development plans; - identification of technologies, construetive systems, components and materials suitable for the realisation of hypogean spaces; - identification of technical and construetive solutions compatible with specific orographic and/or geological surroundings. A detailed study of the following will be undertaken: - the relationship between wine production and the protection of the agricultural landscape; - the occupation and use of the land aiming at reducing the quantity of built-up areas in proportion to vine-planted areas; - the functional organisation and sizing of the spaces; - the requirements ofthe production cycle basedon the various winemaking andfining systems; - the peculiarities of the production of quality wines (production by gravity); - thermal and hydrothermal performance and health and hygiene requirements ofthe processing environments; - the adoption of bioclimatic and bio-architectural principles; - the application of innovative ventilation and air conditioning systems and of systems for exploiting and controlli ng light radiation; - reduetion of energy consumption and the exploitation of naturai and renewable energy sources; - the possibility of prolonged Storage in hypogean environments; indoor comfort (offices, laboratories, routes open to the public, wine tasting areas); - any specific legislation in force. Methodology and phases of the research - identification of the strategie goais, detaiied structuring of the research project in phases, based on the time budget avaiiabie, Iimitation of the field of investigation to the specific goais identified and drawing up of a table of contents; - identification of traditional and computer-based reference sources; - interaction with experts from the world of wine (oenologists, producers, technidans) and design; - identification of international case studies (projeets and buiidings completed) and data research activities; - definition of a method of analysis and detection aimed at evaluating the performance of the buiidings; - on-site inspections in buiidings designed for wine production accompanied by instrumentai surveys and monitoring; - creation of a filing tool and examination of the data collected Results - creation of a data base relative to technologies, construetion systems and materials pertinent to the buiidings examined in the research project; - proposai of guidelines for the planning of hypogean buiidings designed for the production of wine.

    Tipologia del documento:Tesi di Dottorato (Tesi di Dottorato)
    Data:9 Aprile 2010
    Relatore:Zaffagnini, Theo
    Coordinatore ciclo:Trippa, Graziano
    Istituzione:Università degli Studi di Ferrara
    Dottorato:XXI Anno 2006 > TECNOLOGIA DELL'ARCHITETTURA
    Struttura:Dipartimento > Architettura
    Soggetti:Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/12 Tecnologia dell'architettura
    Parole chiave:Architettura ipogea, efficienza energetica, sostenibilità ambientale, bioarchitettura, hypogean architecture, energy efficiency, environmental sustainability, bio-architecture
    Depositato il:19 Lug 2010 13:26

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