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Title/Abstract/Keywords

ISOLAMENTO E CARATTERIZZAZIONE DI SEQUENZE GENICHE PER L’ASSORBIMENTO E L’ACCUMULO DI METALLI IN POMODORO

Trombetta, Ciro (2009) ISOLAMENTO E CARATTERIZZAZIONE DI SEQUENZE GENICHE PER L’ASSORBIMENTO E L’ACCUMULO DI METALLI IN POMODORO. PhD Thesis , Università degli studi di Ferrara.

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    Abstract

    Tomato breeder are using wild tomato relatives, even non‐cross compatibles ones, in order to obtain cultivars with highly commercial values bearing new traits. However, the introgression of a wild genome into the cultivated one produces a new gene combinations that may lead to the expression of undeliverable traits, perhaps not so easy to recognise; even more, phenotypic variations may escape during the selection procedure when minor genes or non‐abnormal phenotypes are involved. In the frame of the “GenoPom” project funded by MIUR, we have focused our interest on the alteration of heavy metals uptake from the soil and their loading into edible organs in commercial lines coming from Solanum interspecific crosses. Our final aim is to put together data coming from ion homeostasis and gene expression analyses, thus obtaining a ionomic map of tomato. To pursue our goal, we have started to study the cv M82 of Solanum lycopersicon and the wild relative Solanum pennelli. Regarding the experiments on ion homeostasis, S. lycopersicon M82 were grown in hydroponics under controlled environmental conditions. Twenty day‐old plants were left to grow for 10 days in the presence of non‐toxic concentration of Cd (5‐10‐20 μM), Pb (1,5‐3‐6 μM), Zn (50‐100‐200 μM) given separately. Control and treated roots and leaves were then harvested and stored at ‐80°C for ionic and gene expression analyses. Ions analysis of Solanum lycopersicon M82 showed that traits correlated to ionic homeostasis is significantly modified in response to all metals. The analysis of ions data, obtained by ICP‐MS, give a pictures of the different responses performed both to different stress and to combined stress, probably correlated to the up‐regulation and/or down regulation of metal uptake proteins. Regarding the functional genomics approach for gaining insight into gene networks involved in mineral‐ion accumulation in tomato plants, in literature has been reported that at least 25 major family genes are involved for metal homeostasis in plants. Among them, the genes ysl, hma, mtp, znt, zrt have been already studied at least in the plant species Arabidopsis thaliana, A. halleri and Thlaspi caerulescens. So far, no such genes have been reported to be cloned in Solanum species. We have focused our study on the genes YSL1, ZNT1 and MTP1 responsible for uptake, translocation and accumulation of metal such as zinc, cadmium, and iron into plant compartment. For all of them, consensous sequences from nucleotide multialignment have been obtained. Then, each of those were blasted in a Solanum EST collection databank and an assembled UniGene sequence was obtained.. Finally, we have designed primers and performed PCR analysis on S. lycopersicon and S. pennelli genomic DNA. So far, we have cloned a putative ysl1 sequence from tomato, that has shown that a very high percentage of identity (92%) with whole ysl1 gene of Nicotiana tabacum; the in silico translated sequence of this sequence has shown a 89% of identity with the same tobacco protein. We have also cloned a putative znt1 sequence from tomato, that has shown that a very high percentage of identity (97%) with whole znt1 gene of Chengiopanax sciadophylloides; the in silico translated sequence of this sequence has shown a 89% of identity with the same Chengiopanax sciadophylloides protein.

    Item Type:Thesis (PhD Thesis)
    Date:27 February 2009
    Tutor:Gambari, Roberto
    Coordinator:Bernardi, Francesco
    Institution:Università degli studi di Ferrara
    PhD:XXI Anno 2006 > BIOCHIMICA, BIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE E BIOTECNOLOGIE
    Divisions:Dipartimento > Biochimica e biologia molecolare
    Subjects:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/11 Biologia molecolare
    Uncontrolled Keywords:S. lycopersicum, ionomica
    Deposited on:03 Aug 2009 12:14

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