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DINAMICHE SOCIO ECONOMICHE E POLITICHE AMBIENTALI: UN’ANALISI DEL PROCESSO DI DELINKING NEL SETTORE RIFIUTI

Nicolli, Francesco (2009) DINAMICHE SOCIO ECONOMICHE E POLITICHE AMBIENTALI: UN’ANALISI DEL PROCESSO DI DELINKING NEL SETTORE RIFIUTI. Tesi di Dottorato , Università degli studi di Ferrara.

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    Abstract

    Waste generation and waste disposal are issues that are becoming increasingly prominent in the environmental arena both from a policy perspective and in the context of delinking analysis. Waste generation is still increasing proportionally with income, and economic and environmental costs associated to landfilling are also increasing. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of waste generation, incineration, recycling and landfill dynamics based on two different panel data sets, one for the EU25 (1995-05), and another one for the Italian provinces (1999-05), to assess the effects of different drivers (economic, structural, policy) We show that for waste generation there is still no Waste Kuznets Curve (WKC) trend, although elasticity to income drivers appear lower than in the past. Landfill and other policy effects do not seem to provide backward incentives for waste prevention. On the other side landfill, as expected, has a decreasing trend, with policy providing a strong driver. It demonstrates the effectiveness of policy even in this early stage of policy implementation. This is essential for an ex post evaluation of existing landfill and incineration directives. Furthermore, also some institutional and socio economic factors are highly significant, like population density and all the variables related to municipalities’ commitment in general (as share of recycling), underlining the relevance that non economic factors have in this relation. We may conclude that although absolute delinking is far from being achieved for waste generation, there are first positive signals in favor of an increasing relative delinking for waste generation and average robust landfill diversion, and various evidence of a significant role of the EU waste policies implemented in the late 1990s and early 2000s on landfill diversion. Waste prevention is nevertheless the next necessary target of waste regulatory efforts.

    Tipologia del documento:Tesi di Dottorato (Tesi di Dottorato)
    Data:31 Marzo 2009
    Relatore:Poma, Lucio
    Coordinatore ciclo:Zambon, Stefano
    Istituzione:Università degli studi di Ferrara
    Dottorato:XXI Anno 2006 > ECONOMIA
    Struttura:Dipartimento > Economia, istituzioni, territorio
    Soggetti:Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-P/06 Economia applicata
    Parole chiave:delinking, policy effectiveness, Kuznets Curves, waste management
    Depositato il:29 Lug 2009 16:54

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